The huge continent of Africa has been exploited, robbed and cruelly harmed for centuries. Yet we humans originated and evolved in that life giving landscape before the nomadic migrations to explore other lands.
I read Africa is in debt, like most countries of the world. See:
Back in 2017 a documentary was made which explains how money flows away through illicit means from countries who would otherwise be in credit. I just watched that documentary on Netflix:
“Spider’s Web: Britain’s Second Empire. 2017 | PG | 1h 17m | True Crime Documentaries. As the British Empire declines, the London banking network creates a corrupt, obscure web of offshore wealth — with a lasting impact on the world today.”
It explained the creation of the secretive second British Empire, the inner sanctum of the City of London.
I then found other written material on the Internet, and I picked out details relevant to Africa:
“Thus, “20 to 30 per cent of private wealth in many African countries is held in tax havens” and there were “almost 5,000 individuals from 41 African countries with assets of about $6.5 billion” in offshore bank accounts in 2015. In both cases, this type of major corruption is enabled by the (lack of) action of major powers.
The OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), which has its headquarters in Paris, is meant to fight offshore tax havens, yet none of its 38 members is African.  Regarding offshore bank accounts, the Tax Justice Network has shown that 10 of the most financially secretive countries fighting to defend bank secrecy practices are all major powers. Amongst them we can find the Cayman Islands, the USA, Switzerland, Hong-Kong and even Luxembourg, Japan and the Netherlands.  Numerous scandals these past few years – including Offshore Leaks, Luxembourg Leaks, Swiss Leaks, Mauritius Leaks , and Luanda Leaks (implicating Isabel dos Santos, the daughter of ex-President of Angola from 1979 to 2017)  – have provided evidence that IFFs and “major corruption” are organized “at the top” and have their headquarters in cities in the richest countries, such as New York, London, Paris, Berlin, and Tokyo.”
African people have not contributed to climate change in any major way, yet they suffer the impacts such as drought, resulting in famine, more than other continents. Without the outflows of their wealth being stolen, they could, potentially, coordinate a massive support for their fellow Africans. It seems the rest of the world benefits from their misery.
And let us always remember the timeline of European wealth creation which led to empire building and capitalism at its worst. The capture of Africans from their homeland and sending them to work in bondage for hundreds of years ahead:
Today, Africans fight for civilian democratic governments and their hopes are dashed by militia, in this case, trained by Wagner group:
And vast wealth leaves Africa to support war chests elsewhere.
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