Tag Archives: family

Debt as a Driving Force

Philip IV of France (born in Fontainebleau in 1268, the second son of Philip III. His mother (Isabella of Aragon) died when he was three and his stepmother, Marie de Brabant, allegedly preferred her own children to Philip and his … Continue reading

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Retaking the Iberian Peninsula (Reconquista)

The MAPS of the 750 AD period to 1492 reveal how the 800 years of Muslim rule as a Caliphate was eventually overthrown by use of mercenaries (Conquistadors) of the Monarchy in 1492.  These are fascinating maps, interactive and highly illuminating to … Continue reading

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