Tag Archives: health and safety

Smelting non-ferrous metals: soil and air pollution

Non-ferrous metals are pure metals, mostly without traces of iron. They are more costly than ferrous metals. They are light in weight, not magnetic, possess high conductivity. The important ones today are aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin, titanium, zinc. Mined … Continue reading

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Concrete. Industrial Contamination

You cannot build a wind turbine without using concrete. Indeed, for each turbine, requires 900 tons of steel, 2500 tons of concrete and 45 tons of plastic. The above image is in a design manual. Concrete seems to have been … Continue reading

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Nickel. Industrial Contamination

I am trying to uncover what goes in to making a wind turbine. I now know they are made up of around 70% steel, and to make steel iron ore is a major component in the processing. Nickel is mixed … Continue reading

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Making Steel to Meet Demand. Industrial Contamination

To make a Turbine, a modern renewable technology, we need steel (71-79% of total turbine mass); fiberglass, resin or plastic (11-16%); iron or cast iron (5- 17%); copper (1%); and aluminium (0-2%). So to reduce the use of coal to … Continue reading

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